Millimeters to Microns Converter (mm to µ)
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Convert Microns to Millimeters (µ to mm) ▶

Conversion Table

millimeters to microns
mmµ
1 mm 1000 µ
2 mm 2000 µ
3 mm 3000 µ
4 mm 4000 µ
5 mm 5000 µ
6 mm 6000 µ
7 mm 7000 µ
8 mm 8000 µ
9 mm 9000 µ
10 mm 10000 µ
11 mm 11000 µ
12 mm 12000 µ
13 mm 13000 µ
14 mm 14000 µ
15 mm 15000 µ
16 mm 16000 µ
17 mm 17000 µ
18 mm 18000 µ
19 mm 19000 µ
20 mm 20000 µ

How to convert

1 millimeter (mm) = 1000 micron (µ). Millimeter (mm) is a unit of Length used in Metric system. Micron (µ) is a unit of Length used in Metric system.

Millimeter: A Unit of Length

Definition of the millimeter

A millimeter is a unit of length in the metric system, which is based on the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as one thousandth of a meter, which is the SI base unit of length. One millimeter can be written as 1 mm or 0.001 m.

How to convert millimeter to other units of length

To convert millimeter to other units of length, we need to use conversion factors that relate the millimeter to the desired unit. For example, to convert millimeter to centimeter, we need to know that 1 cm = 10 mm, so we can divide the number of millimeters by 10 to get the number of centimeters. Similarly, to convert millimeter to inch, we need to know that 1 in = 25.4 mm, so we can divide the number of millimeters by 25.4 to get the number of inches.

Here are some common conversion factors for millimeter and other units of length in the US standard system and the SI system:

  • 1 mm = 0.1 cm
  • 1 mm = 0.03937 in
  • 1 mm = 0.001 m
  • 1 mm = 0.000001 km
  • 1 mm = 0.00000062137 mi
  • 1 mm = 0.00000053996 nmi

Where millimeter is used

The millimeter is a widely used unit of length in many fields and applications around the world. Some examples are:

  • In engineering and manufacturing, the millimeter is often used to measure small dimensions and tolerances of parts and products.
  • In medicine and biology, the millimeter is often used to measure the size and growth of cells, tissues, organs, and microorganisms.
  • In astronomy and physics, the millimeter is often used to measure the wavelength and frequency of electromagnetic radiation, such as radio waves and microwaves.
  • In geography and cartography, the millimeter is often used to measure the scale and distance on maps and globes.
  • In art and design, the millimeter is often used to measure the thickness and width of lines, shapes, and fonts.

History of millimeter

The millimeter has a long and varied history in different countries and cultures. Some historical facts are:

  • The first recorded use of the millimeter as a unit of length was in France in the late 18th century, during the French Revolution. The French Academy of Sciences adopted the metric system as a standard for measurement and defined the meter as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the pole.
  • The millimeter was officially recognized as a part of the SI system in 1960, when the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) adopted a new definition of the meter based on the wavelength of light emitted by a krypton-86 atom.
  • The millimeter is still widely used today in many countries that have adopted the metric system, such as most of Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. However, some countries still use other units of length alongside or instead of the millimeter, such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

Example conversions of millimeter to other units

Here are some examples of how to convert millimeter to other units of length using the conversion factors given above:

  • To convert 5 mm to cm, we divide by 10: 5 mm / 10 = 0.5 cm
  • To convert 12 mm to in, we divide by 25.4: 12 mm / 25.4 = 0.47244 in
  • To convert 100 mm to m, we divide by 1000: 100 mm / 1000 = 0.1 m
  • To convert 250 mm to km, we divide by 1000000: 250 mm / 1000000 = 0.00025 km
  • To convert 500 mm to mi, we divide by 1609344: 500 mm / 1609344 = 0.00031069 mi
  • To convert 1000 mm to nmi, we divide by 1852000: 1000 mm / 1852000 = 0.00053996 nmi
Millimeters also can be marked as millimetres.

Micron: A Unit of Length

A micron is a unit of length that is equal to one millionth of a meter. It is also known as a micrometer or a micrometre. The symbol for micron is µm.

How to Convert Micron

To convert micron to other units of length, we need to use some conversion factors. Here are some common conversion factors for US Standard system and SI system:

  • 1 inch = 25,400 µm
  • 1 foot = 304,800 µm
  • 1 mile = 1,609,344,000 µm
  • 1 centimeter = 10,000 µm
  • 1 meter = 1,000,000 µm
  • 1 kilometer = 1,000,000,000 µm

Using these conversion factors, we can multiply or divide the number of microns by the appropriate factor to get the equivalent length in another unit. For example:

  • To convert 50 µm to inches, we divide 50 by 25,400 and get 0.00197 inches.
  • To convert 3 feet to microns, we multiply 3 by 304,800 and get 914,400 µm.

Where Micron is Used

The micron is used in various fields and applications that require measuring very small distances or sizes. Some examples are:

  • In biology and medicine, the micron is used to measure the size of cells, bacteria, viruses, and other microscopic organisms.
  • In engineering and manufacturing, the micron is used to measure the thickness of films, coatings, wires, fibers, and other materials.
  • In astronomy and optics, the micron is used to measure the wavelength of infrared light and the resolution of telescopes and cameras.
  • In geology and mineralogy, the micron is used to measure the grain size of rocks and minerals.
  • In chemistry and physics, the micron is used to measure the diameter of atoms and molecules.

The use of micron varies by country and region. For example:

  • In the United States and Canada, the micron is commonly used in engineering and manufacturing industries.
  • In Europe and Asia, the micron is widely used in science and technology fields.
  • In Australia and New Zealand, the micron is often used in agriculture and forestry sectors.

Definition of the Micron

The micron is defined as one millionth of a meter. A meter is the base unit of length in the SI system. The SI system is an international system of units that is based on seven fundamental quantities: length, mass, time, electric current, temperature, luminous intensity, and amount of substance.

The meter was originally defined as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole along a meridian. However, this definition was not very precise and practical. Therefore, over time, the definition of the meter has changed several times based on different physical constants and standards. The current definition of the meter was adopted in 1983 by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM). It states that:

The meter is the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299792458 second.

Using this definition, we can derive that one micron is equal to:

1 µm = (1/299792458) / (1000000) second * (299792458 m / second)

= (1/1000000) m

= 0.000001 m

History of Micron

The micron was first introduced in the late 18th century by French scientists who were developing a decimal system of units. They proposed a unit called micrometre that was equal to one millionth of a meter. However, this unit was not widely accepted or used at that time.

In the early 19th century, British scientists adopted a similar unit called microinch that was equal to one millionth of an inch. This unit was more popular among English-speaking countries and regions.

In the late 19th century, German scientists proposed a new unit called mikrometer that was also equal to one millionth of a meter. This unit was more consistent with the metric system and became more widely used in Europe and Asia.

In the early 20th century, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) recommended using the term micrometer instead of micron or mikrometer to avoid confusion with other units. However, many people still preferred using micron as a shorter and simpler name.

In 1960, the CGPM adopted the SI system as the official system of units for science and technology. The SI system used the term micrometer as the official name for the unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter. The symbol for micrometer was also standardized as µm.

However, the term micron and its symbol µ were still widely used in many fields and applications. Therefore, in 1975, the CGPM decided to allow the use of micron and µ as alternative names and symbols for micrometer and µm. However, they also stated that these alternatives should be avoided in official documents and publications.

Example Conversions of Micron to Other Units

Here are some examples of converting micron to other units of length:

  • 1 µm = 0.000001 m
  • 1 µm = 0.001 mm
  • 1 µm = 0.00003937 inch
  • 1 µm = 0.000003281 foot
  • 1 µm = 0.000000001 km
  • 1 µm = 0.0000006214 mile
  • 1 µm = 1000 nm



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