# Micrometers to Nanometers Converter

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Convert Nanometers to Micrometers (nm to µm) ▶

## Conversion Table

 micrometers to nanometers µm nm 1 µm 1000 nm 2 µm 2000 nm 3 µm 3000 nm 4 µm 4000 nm 5 µm 5000 nm 6 µm 6000 nm 7 µm 7000 nm 8 µm 8000 nm 9 µm 9000 nm 10 µm 10000 nm 11 µm 11000 nm 12 µm 12000 nm 13 µm 13000 nm 14 µm 14000 nm 15 µm 15000 nm 16 µm 16000 nm 17 µm 17000 nm 18 µm 18000 nm 19 µm 19000 nm 20 µm 20000 nm

## How to convert

1 micrometer (µm) = 1000 nanometer (nm). Micrometer (µm) is a unit of Length used in Metric system. Nanometer (nm) is a unit of Length used in Metric system.

## Definition of the micrometer

The micrometer, also known as the micron, is a unit of length in the International System of Units (SI) that equals one millionth of a meter. Its symbol is µm.

## History of the micrometer

The term micron and the symbol µ were officially accepted for use in isolation to denote the micrometer in 1879, but officially revoked by the International System of Units (SI) in 1967. This became necessary because the older usage was incompatible with the official adoption of the unit prefix micro-, denoted µ, during the creation of the SI in 1960. In the SI, the systematic name micrometre became the official name of the unit, and µm became the official unit symbol.

## How to convert micrometer

The micrometer can be converted to other units of length using simple multiplication or division by powers of 10. For example, one micrometer is equal to 0.001 millimeters, 0.000001 meters, or 0.000000001 kilometers in the SI system. One micrometer is also equal to 0.000039 inches, 0.0000033 feet, or 0.00000062 miles in the US standard system.

## Where micrometer is used

The micrometer is a common unit of measurement for wavelengths of infrared radiation as well as sizes of biological cells and bacteria, and for grading wool by the diameter of the fibers. The width of a single human hair ranges from approximately 20 to 200 µm

The micrometer is used in different countries and applications for various purposes. For example:

• In Canada, the micrometer is used to measure air quality by monitoring the concentration of particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere. PM2.5 refers to particles that are less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, which can penetrate deep into the lungs and cause health problems.
• In Japan, the micrometer is used to measure the thickness of paper and film products. The standard paper size A4 has a thickness of about 100 µm, while a typical plastic wrap has a thickness of about 10 µm.

## Example conversions of micrometer to other units

Here are some sample conversions of micrometer to other units:

• 1 µm = 0.001 mm
• 1 µm = 0.000001 m
• 1 µm = 0.000000001 km
• 1 µm = 0.000039 in
• 1 µm = 0.0000033 ft
• 1 µm = 0.00000062 mi
• 1 µm = 10^-6 m

## Definition of the Nanometer

A nanometer or nanometre (international spelling) is a unit of length in the International System of Units (SI), equal to one billionth (short scale) of a meter (0.000 000 001 m) and to 1000 picometres. One nanometer can be expressed in scientific notation as 1 × 10-9 m, and as 1/1 000 000 000 metres.

## History of the Nanometer

The nanometer was formerly known as the millimicrometre - or, more commonly, the millimicron for short - since it is 1/1000 of a micrometre, and was often denoted by the symbol mµ or, more rarely, as µµ. The name combines the SI prefix nano- (from the Ancient Greek nanos, “dwarf”) with the parent unit name metre (from Greek metron, “unit of measurement”).

The nanometer was first used in the late 19th century by scientists who studied light and optics, such as Lord Rayleigh and Albert Michelson. They used interferometers to measure wavelengths of light in nanometers. In the early 20th century, the nanometer was also used by physicists who studied atomic and molecular structures, such as Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr. They used spectroscopy and scattering experiments to determine the sizes and distances of atoms and molecules in nanometers. In the mid-20th century, the nanometer was also used by chemists and biologists who studied colloids and macromolecules, such as The Svedberg and Linus Pauling. They used ultracentrifuges and X-ray diffraction to measure the sizes and shapes of particles and polymers in nanometers.

In the late 20th century, the nanometer became more widely used as a result of the development of nanotechnology, which is the manipulation of matter at the nanoscale. Nanotechnology involves various fields of science and engineering, such as electronics, materials, medicine, energy and environment. Nanotechnology enables the creation of new devices and systems with novel properties and functions that depend on their nanoscale dimensions.

## How to Convert Nanometer

To convert nanometer to other units of length, one can use the following conversion factors:

• 1 nanometer = 10-9 meter
• 1 nanometer = 10-6 millimeter
• 1 nanometer = 10-3 micrometer
• 1 nanometer = 10 angstrom
• 1 nanometer = 3.937 × 10-8 inch
• 1 nanometer = 3.281 × 10-9 foot

To convert other units of length to nanometer, one can use the inverse of these conversion factors.

## Where Nanometer is Used

The nanometer is often used to express dimensions on an atomic scale and mostly in the molecular scale. For example:

• The diameter of a helium atom is about 0.06 nm
• The diameter of a water molecule is about 0.28 nm
• The thickness of a DNA strand is about 2 nm
• The diameter of a ribosome is about 20 nm
• The thickness of a cell membrane is about 10 nm

The nanometer is also commonly used to specify the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation near the visible part of the spectrum: visible light ranges from around 400 to 700 nm. For example:

• The wavelength of violet light is about 400 nm
• The wavelength of green light is about 550 nm
• The wavelength of red light is about 700 nm

The nanometer is also used to describe typical feature sizes in successive generations of the ITRS Roadmap for miniaturized semiconductor device fabrication in the semiconductor industry. For example:

• The transistor gate length in Intel’s Pentium processor (1993) was about 800 nm
• The transistor gate length in Intel’s Core processor (2006) was about 65 nm
• The transistor gate length in Intel’s Tiger Lake processor (2020) was about 10 nm

The nanometer is used in different countries for different applications, depending on their level of development and innovation in nanotechnology. For example:

• In Japan, nanotechnology is used for improving the performance and efficiency of solar cells, batteries, fuel cells, sensors, and displays.
• In China, nanotechnology is used for developing new materials, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, and nanocomposites, for various industries, such as aerospace, automotive, and textile.
• In India, nanotechnology is used for addressing social and environmental challenges, such as water purification, health care, agriculture, and energy.

## Example Conversions of Nanometer to Other Units

Here are some example conversions of nanometer to other units of length:

• 1 nm = 10-9 m
• 10 nm = 10-8 m
• 100 nm = 10-7 m
• 1000 nm = 10-6 m = 1 µm
• 10 000 nm = 10-5 m = 10 µm
• 100 000 nm = 10-4 m = 100 µm
• 1 000 000 nm = 10-3 m = 1 mm
Nanometers also can be marked as Nanometres.

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