Microinches to Micrometers Converter (µin to µm)
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Convert Micrometers to Microinches (µm to µin) ▶

Conversion Table

microinches to micrometers
µinµm
10 µin 0.254 µm
20 µin 0.508 µm
30 µin 0.762 µm
40 µin 1.016 µm
50 µin 1.27 µm
60 µin 1.524 µm
70 µin 1.778 µm
80 µin 2.032 µm
90 µin 2.286 µm
100 µin 2.54 µm
110 µin 2.794 µm
120 µin 3.048 µm
130 µin 3.302 µm
140 µin 3.556 µm
150 µin 3.81 µm
160 µin 4.064 µm
170 µin 4.318 µm
180 µin 4.572 µm
190 µin 4.826 µm
200 µin 5.08 µm

How to convert

1 microinch (µin) = 0.0254 micrometer (µm). Microinch (µin) is a unit of Length used in Standard system. Micrometer (µm) is a unit of Length used in Metric system.

Microinch: A Unit of Length

The microinch is a unit of length that is equal to one millionth of an inch (0.000001 inch). It is a non-SI unit of measurement that is mainly used in engineering and manufacturing fields. The symbol for microinch is µin or µ". The microinch is also a derived unit in the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement.

The microinch is most commonly used when expressing small distances or dimensions, such as the surface roughness or flatness of materials and parts. The microinch is also used for measuring the wavelength of light and other electromagnetic waves.

In this article, we will explore the definition, history, usage and conversion of the microinch as a unit of length.

Definition of the Microinch

The microinch is a unit of length that is equal to one millionth of an inch (0.000001 inch). It is defined as 25.4 nanometers or 2.54 × 10^-8 meters by international agreement in 1959. One inch is equal to 25.4 millimeters or 0.0254 meter.

The definition of the microinch has changed over time, as different standards and methods of measurement were developed by various countries and organizations. The current definition of the microinch as based on the meter was agreed upon by an international treaty in 1959.

History of the Microinch

The origin of the microinch as a unit of length can be traced back to the early 20th century, when it was introduced by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as a standard for measuring surface roughness. Surface roughness is a measure of how smooth or irregular a surface is, which affects its friction, wear and corrosion properties.

The microinch was adopted by other countries and industries that followed the American system of measurement, such as Canada and Japan. It was also incorporated into the ANSI/ASME B46.1 standard for surface texture in 1985.

The microinch was also used by some optical scientists and engineers to measure the wavelength of light and other electromagnetic waves. For example, the visible spectrum of light ranges from about 4,000 to 7,000 microinches.

Usage of the Microinch

The microinch is a unit of length that is used for measuring small distances or dimensions, such as the surface roughness or flatness of materials and parts. For example:

  • Measuring the smoothness or roughness of metal surfaces, such as steel, aluminum and copper.
  • Measuring the flatness or curvature of glass surfaces, such as lenses, mirrors and windows.
  • Measuring the thickness or diameter of thin films, coatings and wires.
  • Measuring the accuracy or tolerance of machined parts, such as gears, bearings and shafts.

The microinch is commonly used in engineering and manufacturing fields, especially in precision machining, metrology and quality control. Some examples are:

  • Measuring the surface finish of machined parts, such as turned, milled and ground surfaces.
  • Measuring the surface profile of textured surfaces, such as honed, lapped and polished surfaces.
  • Measuring the surface geometry of complex surfaces, such as grooved, fluted and serrated surfaces.
  • Measuring the surface defects of defective surfaces, such as scratches, pits and dents.

The microinch is also used for measuring the wavelength of light and other electromagnetic waves. For example:

  • Measuring the color or frequency of visible light, infrared light and ultraviolet light.
  • Measuring the polarization or phase of coherent light, such as laser light and holographic light.
  • Measuring the interference or diffraction patterns of interfering light, such as interferometric light and diffractive light.

Example Conversions of Microinch to Other Units

The microinch can be converted to other units of length by using different factors and formulas. Here are some examples of conversion for different types of units:

  • To convert a microinch to inches, divide by 1,000,000:

1 µin / 1,000,000 = 0.000001 in

  • To convert a microinch to feet, divide by 12,000,000:

1 µin / 12,000,000 = 8.333 × 10^-8 ft

  • To convert a microinch to yards, divide by 36,000,000:

1 µin / 36,000,000 = 2.778 × 10^-8 yd

  • To convert a microinch to meters, multiply by 2.54 × 10^-8:

1 µin x 2.54 × 10^-8 = 2.54 × 10^-8 m

  • To convert a microinch to kilometers, multiply by 2.54 × 10^-14:

1 µin x 2.54 × 10^-14 = 2.54 × 10^-14 km

  • To convert a microinch to nanometers, multiply by 25.4:

1 µin x 25.4 = 25.4 nm

  • To convert an inch to microinches, multiply by 1,000,000:

1 in x 1,000,000 = 1,000,000 µin

  • To convert a foot to microinches, multiply by 12,000,000:

1 ft x 12,000,000 = 12,000,000 µin

  • To convert a yard to microinches, multiply by 36,000,000:

1 yd x 36,000,000 = 36,000,000 µin

  • To convert a meter to microinches, divide by 2.54 × 10^-8:

1 m / 2.54 × 10^-8 = 39,370,078.74 µin

  • To convert a kilometer to microinches, divide by 2.54 × 10^-14:

1 km / 2.54 × 10^-14 = 39,370,078,740,157.48 µin

  • To convert a nanometer to microinches, divide by 25.4:

1 nm / 25.4 = 0.03937 µin

Micrometer: A Unit of Length

Definition of the micrometer

The micrometer, also known as the micron, is a unit of length in the International System of Units (SI) that equals one millionth of a meter. Its symbol is µm.

History of the micrometer

The term micron and the symbol µ were officially accepted for use in isolation to denote the micrometer in 1879, but officially revoked by the International System of Units (SI) in 1967. This became necessary because the older usage was incompatible with the official adoption of the unit prefix micro-, denoted µ, during the creation of the SI in 1960. In the SI, the systematic name micrometre became the official name of the unit, and µm became the official unit symbol.

How to convert micrometer

The micrometer can be converted to other units of length using simple multiplication or division by powers of 10. For example, one micrometer is equal to 0.001 millimeters, 0.000001 meters, or 0.000000001 kilometers in the SI system. One micrometer is also equal to 0.000039 inches, 0.0000033 feet, or 0.00000062 miles in the US standard system.

Where micrometer is used

The micrometer is a common unit of measurement for wavelengths of infrared radiation as well as sizes of biological cells and bacteria, and for grading wool by the diameter of the fibers. The width of a single human hair ranges from approximately 20 to 200 µm

The micrometer is used in different countries and applications for various purposes. For example:

  • In Canada, the micrometer is used to measure air quality by monitoring the concentration of particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere. PM2.5 refers to particles that are less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, which can penetrate deep into the lungs and cause health problems.
  • In Japan, the micrometer is used to measure the thickness of paper and film products. The standard paper size A4 has a thickness of about 100 µm, while a typical plastic wrap has a thickness of about 10 µm.

Example conversions of micrometer to other units

Here are some sample conversions of micrometer to other units:

  • 1 µm = 0.001 mm
  • 1 µm = 0.000001 m
  • 1 µm = 0.000000001 km
  • 1 µm = 0.000039 in
  • 1 µm = 0.0000033 ft
  • 1 µm = 0.00000062 mi
  • 1 µm = 10^-6 m



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