# Inches Per Minute to Mach Converter

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Convert Mach to Inches Per Minute (M to in/min) ▶

## Conversion Table

 inches per minute to mach in/min M 10000 in/min 0.0124 M 20000 in/min 0.0249 M 30000 in/min 0.0373 M 40000 in/min 0.0498 M 50000 in/min 0.0622 M 60000 in/min 0.0746 M 70000 in/min 0.0871 M 80000 in/min 0.0995 M 90000 in/min 0.112 M 100000 in/min 0.1244 M 110000 in/min 0.1368 M 120000 in/min 0.1493 M 130000 in/min 0.1617 M 140000 in/min 0.1742 M 150000 in/min 0.1866 M 160000 in/min 0.199 M 170000 in/min 0.2115 M 180000 in/min 0.2239 M 190000 in/min 0.2364 M 200000 in/min 0.2488 M

## How to convert

1 inch per minute (in/min) = 1.24404E-06 mach (M). Inch Per Minute (in/min) is a unit of Speed used in Metric system. Mach (M) is a unit of Speed used in Metric system.

## Definition of Inches Per Minute

Inches per minute (ipm) is a unit of speed that measures how fast something is moving in terms of inches per unit of time. It is commonly used in machining applications, such as when describing the feed rate of a milling machine or a drill bit. The feed rate is the distance that the tool moves along the workpiece in one minute.

One inch per minute is equal to 0.00042333333333333 meters per second, or 0.0254 meters per minute. It can also be converted to other units of speed, such as feet per minute, miles per hour, or kilometers per hour, by using appropriate conversion factors.

## How to Convert Inches Per Minute

To convert inches per minute to other units of speed, we need to multiply or divide by the corresponding conversion factors. For example, to convert inches per minute to feet per minute, we need to multiply by 12, since there are 12 inches in one foot. To convert inches per minute to miles per hour, we need to multiply by 0.056818181818182, since there are 0.056818181818182 miles in one inch.

Here are some examples of how to convert inches per minute to other units of length in the US Standard system and the SI system:

• To convert 10 ipm to feet per minute (fpm), we multiply by 12: 10 ipm x 12 = 120 fpm
• To convert 20 ipm to yards per minute (ypm), we divide by 36, since there are 36 inches in one yard: 20 ipm / 36 = 0.55555555555556 ypm
• To convert 30 ipm to miles per hour (mph), we multiply by 0.056818181818182: 30 ipm x 0.056818181818182 = 1.7045454545455 mph
• To convert 40 ipm to millimeters per minute (mm/min), we multiply by 25.4, since there are 25.4 millimeters in one inch: 40 ipm x 25.4 = 1016 mm/min
• To convert 50 ipm to centimeters per minute (cm/min), we multiply by 2.54, since there are 2.54 centimeters in one inch: 50 ipm x 2.54 = 127 cm/min
• To convert 60 ipm to meters per minute (m/min), we multiply by 0.0254, since there are 0.0254 meters in one inch: 60 ipm x 0.0254 = 1.524 m/min

## Where Inches Per Minute Are Used

Inches per minute are mainly used in the United States and other countries that use the US Standard system of measurement. They are often used in machining applications, such as milling, drilling, turning, and cutting, where the feed rate of the tool is an important parameter that affects the quality and efficiency of the process.

For example, a milling machine may have a feed rate of 100 ipm, which means that the tool moves along the workpiece at a speed of 100 inches per minute. A drill bit may have a feed rate of 20 ipm, which means that it advances into the material at a speed of 20 inches per minute.

Inches per minute are also used in some other fields, such as woodworking, printing, sewing, and conveyor belts, where the speed of movement is measured in inches per unit of time.

## History of Inches Per Minute

The origin of inches per minute as a unit of speed can be traced back to the development of machining tools and techniques in the Industrial Revolution. As machines became more advanced and precise, there was a need for a standard unit of measurement that could describe the speed and feed rate of the tools.

Inches per minute were chosen as a convenient and simple unit that could be easily calculated and adjusted based on the size and type of the tool and the material being worked on. Inches were already a common unit of length in the US Standard system, so they were easy to apply and understand.

Inches per minute have been used ever since as a standard unit of speed for machining applications in the United States and other countries that use the US Standard system. They have also been adopted by some other fields that involve movement in inches per unit of time.

## Example Conversions of Inches Per Minute to Other Units

Here are some examples of how to convert inches per minute to other units of speed, using the conversion factors given above:

• To convert 100 ipm to feet per minute, we multiply by 12: 100 ipm x 12 = 1200 fpm
• To convert 200 ipm to yards per minute, we divide by 36: 200 ipm / 36 = 5.5555555555556 ypm
• To convert 300 ipm to miles per hour, we multiply by 0.056818181818182: 300 ipm x 0.056818181818182 = 17.045454545455 mph
• To convert 400 ipm to millimeters per minute, we multiply by 25.4: 400 ipm x 25.4 = 10160 mm/min
• To convert 500 ipm to centimeters per minute, we multiply by 2.54: 500 ipm x 2.54 = 1270 cm/min
• To convert 600 ipm to meters per minute, we multiply by 0.0254: 600 ipm x 0.0254 = 15.24 m/min
• To convert 700 ipm to kilometers per hour, we multiply by 0.09144, since there are 0.09144 kilometers in one inch: 700 ipm x 0.09144 = 64.008 km/h
Inch per minute also can be marked as inch/minute.

## Definition of Mach

Mach, commonly denoted M or Ma, is a dimensionless quantity in fluid dynamics representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound. It is named after the Austrian physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach, who studied gas dynamics and shock waves. Mach number is used to classify the flow regimes based on the effects of compressibility and shock waves on the flow.

## How to Convert Mach

To convert mach to other units of speed, we need to multiply by the local speed of sound in the medium, which depends on the temperature and pressure of the gas. For example, to convert mach to meters per second, we need to multiply by the speed of sound in air at sea level, which is about 340 m/s. To convert mach to kilometers per hour, we need to multiply by the speed of sound in air at sea level and by 3.6, since there are 3.6 seconds in one hour.

Here are some examples of how to convert mach to other units of length in the US Standard system and the SI system:

• To convert 1 M to meters per second (m/s), we multiply by 340: 1 M x 340 = 340 m/s
• To convert 2 M to kilometers per hour (km/h), we multiply by 340 and by 3.6: 2 M x 340 x 3.6 = 2448 km/h
• To convert 3 M to miles per hour (mph), we multiply by 340 and by 2.2369362920544, since there are 2.2369362920544 miles in one kilometer: 3 M x 340 x 2.2369362920544 = 2285.714285714 mph
• To convert 4 M to feet per second (fps), we multiply by 340 and by 3.2808398950131, since there are 3.2808398950131 feet in one meter: 4 M x 340 x 3.2808398950131 = 4465.306122449 fps
• To convert 5 M to knots (kn), we multiply by 340 and by 1.9438444924406, since there are 1.9438444924406 nautical miles in one kilometer: 5 M x 340 x 1.9438444924406 = 3316.326530612 kn
• To convert 6 M to centimeters per second (cm/s), we multiply by 340 and by 100, since there are 100 centimeters in one meter: 6 M x 340 x 100 = 204000 cm/s

## Where Mach Is Used

Mach is used in various fields of science and technology where the speed and direction of movement of objects or phenomena are measured or applied in relation to the speed of sound in the medium. For example:

• In aerodynamics and aeronautics, mach is used to measure the speed and performance of aircraft, rockets, missiles, and other flying vehicles, as well as the effects of air resistance, drag, lift, and thrust on them.
• In acoustics and sound engineering, mach is used to measure the intensity and frequency of sound waves, as well as the effects of reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, and Doppler shift on them.
• In meteorology and climatology, mach is used to measure the speed and direction of wind, storms, hurricanes, tornadoes, and other weather phenomena, as well as the effects of temperature, pressure, humidity, and density on them.

## History of Mach

The concept of mach number was first introduced by Swiss engineer Jakob Ackeret in his doctoral thesis in 1929. He proposed it as a convenient way to express the ratio of flow velocity to speed of sound in gas dynamics problems. He also named it after Ernst Mach, who had conducted experiments on supersonic projectiles and shock waves in the late nineteenth century.

The term mach number was later popularized by German-American engineer Theodore von Karman, who used it extensively in his research on aerodynamics and supersonic flight in the early twentieth century. He also established the first supersonic wind tunnel at Caltech in 1939.

The first human-made object to break the sound barrier was a rocket-powered plane called Bell X-1 piloted by Chuck Yeager in October 1947. He achieved a speed of about Mach 1.06 at an altitude of 13,000 meters.
The first human to travel faster than sound was Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who orbited the Earth at a speed of about Mach 25 in April 1961.
The fastest manned aircraft ever flown was the North American X-15, which reached a speed of about Mach 6.7 in October 1967.

The fastest unmanned aircraft ever flown was the NASA X-43A, which reached a speed of about Mach 9.6 in November 2004.

## Example Conversions of Mach to Other Units

Here are some examples of how to convert mach to other units of speed, using the conversion factors given above:

• To convert 1 M to meters per second, we multiply by 340: 1 M x 340 = 340 m/s
• To convert 2 M to kilometers per hour, we multiply by 340 and by 3.6: 2 M x 340 x 3.6 = 2448 km/h
• To convert 3 M to miles per hour, we multiply by 340 and by 2.2369362920544: 3 M x 340 x 2.2369362920544 = 2285.714285714 mph
• To convert 4 M to feet per second, we multiply by 340 and by 3.2808398950131: 4 M x 340 x 3.2808398950131 = 4465.306122449 fps
• To convert 5 M to knots, we multiply by 340 and by 1.9438444924406: 5 M x 340 x 1.9438444924406 = 3316.326530612 kn
• To convert 6 M to centimeters per second, we multiply by 340 and by 100: 6 M x 340 x 100 = 204000 cm/s
• To convert 7 M to millimeters per minute, we multiply by 340 and by 1000, since there are 1000 millimeters in one meter, and multiply by 60, since there are 60 minutes in one hour: 7 M x 340 x 1000 x 60 = 142800000 mm/min
Mach speed can be marked as Ma and Mach number. At Standard Sea Level conditions (temperature of 15 degrees Celsius), the speed of sound = 1 Mach = 340.3 m/s (1225 km/h, or 761.2 mph, or 661.5 knots, or 1116 ft/s).

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