Chains to Kilometers Converter (ch to km)
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Convert Kilometers to Chains (km to ch) ▶

Conversion Table

chains to kilometers
chkm
10 ch 0.2012 km
20 ch 0.4023 km
30 ch 0.6035 km
40 ch 0.8047 km
50 ch 1.0058 km
60 ch 1.207 km
70 ch 1.4082 km
80 ch 1.6093 km
90 ch 1.8105 km
100 ch 2.0117 km
110 ch 2.2128 km
120 ch 2.414 km
130 ch 2.6152 km
140 ch 2.8164 km
150 ch 3.0175 km
160 ch 3.2187 km
170 ch 3.4199 km
180 ch 3.621 km
190 ch 3.8222 km
200 ch 4.0234 km

How to convert

1 chain (ch) = 0.0201168 kilometer (km). Chain (ch) is a unit of Length used in Standard system. Kilometer (km) is a unit of Length used in Metric system.

Chain: A Unit of Length Used for Measuring Land

The chain is a unit of length that is equal to 66 feet or 22 yards or 4 rods or 100 links. It is part of the US customary and imperial measurement systems. It is used for measuring land, especially in surveying and mapping. The symbol for chain is ch. There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. An acre is the area of 10 square chains. The unit is named after the chain, a measuring device that was invented by Edmund Gunter, a clergyman and mathematician, in the 17th century. The chain is also sometimes called a Gunter’s chain, a surveyor’s chain or a land chain. In this article, we will explore the definition, history, usage and conversion of the chain as a unit of length.

Definition of the Unit

The chain is a unit of length that is equal to 66 feet or 22 yards or 4 rods or 100 links. It is one of the base units in the US customary and imperial measurement systems, along with the foot, the yard and the mile. The chain is also a derived unit in the International System of Units (SI), which is the most widely used system of measurement in the world. The SI base unit of length is the meter, which is defined as the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299792458 seconds.

The definition of the chain has not changed since its introduction by Edmund Gunter in 1620, who based it on an earlier English unit called an acre’s breadth, which was equal to one-tenth of a furlong or one-eightieth of a mile. However, the definition of the foot, which is used to define the chain, has changed several times over time, as different standards and methods of measurement were adopted by various countries and regions. The current definition of the foot as 0.3048 meter was agreed upon by an international treaty in 1959.

History of the Unit

The origin of the chain as a unit of length can be traced back to 1620, when Edmund Gunter created a measuring device called a chain. The chain was 66 feet long and consisted of 100 metal links connected by three rings each. The links were made of thick wire with a loop at each end. The chain had brass handles at each end for holding and folding. Gunter chose this unit because it was convenient for his work on surveying and mapping land. He also named this unit after himself, as he wrote in his book: "I have taken as unit for these measurements one hundredth part [of a furlong], which I will call an Chain".

Gunter’s unit was soon adopted by other surveyors and mapmakers, who found it useful for measuring distances and areas on flat or gently sloping land. The chain was also used for laying out roads, railways and canals. The chain became part of the US customary and imperial measurement systems, which were based on earlier English units that were brought by British settlers to America. The chain was also used in some other countries influenced by British practice, such as Canada and India.

In 1785, when the United States Congress passed the Land Ordinance Act to survey and divide the public land west of the Appalachian Mountains into rectangular townships and sections, the use of the chain as a unit of measurement was mandated by law. The act also defined the chain as equal to four rods or poles or perches. The surveyors who carried out this work were known as "chain bearers" or "chain carriers", and they marked each mile along their survey lines with wooden posts called "milestones".

In 1959, when the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and some other Commonwealth countries agreed to adopt a common definition of the foot as 0.3048 meter, based on the international yard that was defined as 0.9144 meter by an international treaty in 1959, the chain became exactly equal to 20.1168 meters.

Usage of the Unit

The chain is a unit of length that is used for measuring land, especially in surveying and mapping. The chain is also used for measuring distances on roads, railways and canals. The chain is still used in some rural areas and historical contexts in the United States, Canada and some other countries that follow the US customary or imperial measurement systems.

The chain is used for various purposes, such as:

  • Measuring length, width and area of land parcels and properties.
  • Measuring distances and dimensions on maps and plans.
  • Measuring boundaries and borders between states, counties and townships.
  • Measuring road widths and lengths.
  • Measuring railway track gauges and lengths.
  • Measuring canal widths and depths.
  • How to Convert

    The chain can be converted to other units of length by using conversion factors or formulas. Here are some examples of how to convert chains to other units of length in the US customary system, the imperial system and the SI system:

  • To convert chains to feet, multiply by 66. For example, 10 ch = 10 × 66 = 660 ft.
  • To convert chains to yards, multiply by 22. For example, 10 ch = 10 × 22 = 220 yd.
  • To convert chains to miles, divide by 80. For example, 10 ch = 10 / 80 = 0.125 mi.
  • To convert chains to centimeters, multiply by 2011.68. For example, one ch = one × 2011.68 = 2011.68 cm.
  • To convert chains to meters, multiply by 20.1168. For example, one ch = one × 20.1168 = 20.1168 m.
  • To convert chains to kilometers, divide by 49.7097. For example, 10 ch = 10 / 49.7097 = 0.2012 km.

Equivalents in Other Units and Scales

The chain can be expressed in terms of other units of length by using equivalent values or ratios. Here are some examples of how to express chains in other units of length:

  • One chain is equal to four rods or poles or perches.
  • One chain is equal to one-tenth of a furlong or one-eightieth of a mile.
  • One chain is equal to one-hundredth of a league or one-fortieth of a league (US).
  • One chain is equal to one-hundred-millionth of an astronomical unit or one-forty-billionth of a light-year.
  • One chain is equal to one-thousandth of a nautical mile or one-three-thousand-six-hundredth of a degree of latitude or longitude.

Kilometer - Unit of Distance / Length

Unit Symbol/Abbreviation: km

Where the unit used in the World:

The kilometer is used as a unit used to measure distances or lengths.
It's a standard measure for travelled distances, geographical distances and maps in most countries excluding the USA and the United Kingdom where mile is still used for this purpose.
between geographical locations on land, and in most countries is the official unit for this purpose. Primary exceptions are the United Kingdom, Liberia, Myanmar and the United States of America, where the mile remains as standard as a part of imperial system.

Definition of the Unit:

The kilometer (kilometre in UK spelling) is a unit of length/distance in the metric system (SI Unit system) equivalent to one thousand meters.

1 km is equivalent to 0.62137 miles.

History of the Unit:

Although the meter was defined in 1799 in France, the kilometer was first adopted for everyday use by the Dutch in 1817 under local name of the mijl. The myriametre (10000 meters) and "lieues de Poste" (Postal leagues, 4288 meters) were preferred to the "kilometer" for everyday use in France in 19th century. In the mid 19th century the kilometer was already in everyday use in the Italy and in Netherlands and the myriametre was still in use in France. The CIPM (The International Committee for Weights and Measures) officially abolished the prefix "myria-" and the "myriametre" in 1935, leaving the kilometer as the recognised unit of length instead of myriametre.

Where it's used:

The kilometer is commonly used on road signs to indicate the distance to travel to a given location, on maps to indicate scale, for odometer indication in automotive industry. It is also the most popular unit for describing the distance between geographical points and locations.

Equivalents in other units and scales:

  • 1 km = 1000000 millimeters (mm)
  • 1 km = 100 000 centimeters (cm)
  • 1 km = 10000 decimeters (dm)
  • 1 km = 1000 meters (m)
  • 1 km = 3280.84 feet (ft)
  • 1 megameter = 1000 km
  • 1 gigameter = 1000000 km
  • 1 mile = 1.609 km
  • 1 yard = 0.000914 km
  • 1 foot = 0.000305 km
  • 1 inch = 0.0000254 km
  • Units of length in the metric SI system are based on multiples or fractions of a meter.
  • There are measurements of length/distance in the metric SI system greater than a kilometer that can be expressed in terms of kilometres.

1 km is equivalent to 0.621371 mi.

The kilometer is unit of length in the metric SI system and is equivalent to one thousand metres.




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