Carats to Micrograms Converter (ct to mcg)
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Carats to Micrograms


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Convert Micrograms to Carats (mcg to ct) ▶

Conversion Table

carats to micrograms
1 ct 200000 mcg
2 ct 400000 mcg
3 ct 600000 mcg
4 ct 800000 mcg
5 ct 1000000 mcg
6 ct 1200000 mcg
7 ct 1400000 mcg
8 ct 1600000 mcg
9 ct 1800000 mcg
10 ct 2000000 mcg
11 ct 2200000 mcg
12 ct 2400000 mcg
13 ct 2600000 mcg
14 ct 2800000 mcg
15 ct 3000000 mcg
16 ct 3200000 mcg
17 ct 3400000 mcg
18 ct 3600000 mcg
19 ct 3800000 mcg
20 ct 4000000 mcg

How to convert

1 carat (ct) = 200000 microgram (mcg). Carat (ct) is a unit of Weight used in Standard system. Microgram (mcg) is a unit of Weight used in Metric system.

Carats: A Unit of Weight

Carats are a unit of weight that are used for measuring gemstones and pearls. Carats are derived from the Arabic word qirat, which means a small weight or a seed. The symbol for carat is ct.

How to Convert Carats

Carats can be converted to other units of weight by using conversion factors or formulas. Here are some examples of how to convert carats to other units of weight in the US customary system and the SI system:

  • To convert carats to ounces, divide by 141.7476. For example, 10 ct = 10 / 141.7476 = 0.071 oz.
  • To convert carats to pounds, divide by 2267.962. For example, 20 ct = 20 / 2267.962 = 0.009 lb.
  • To convert carats to tons (short), divide by 4535923.7. For example, 50 ct = 50 / 4535923.7 = 0.000011 ton.
  • To convert carats to grams, divide by 5. For example, 100 ct = 100 / 5 = 20 g.
  • To convert carats to kilograms, divide by 5000. For example, 200 ct = 200 / 5000 = 0.04 kg.
  • To convert carats to milligrams, multiply by 200. For example, 25 ct = 25 x 200 = 5000 mg.

Micrograms: A Unit of Weight

Definition of Micrograms

A microgram is a unit of mass or weight equal to one-millionth of a gram. It is part of the metric system, which is based on powers of ten. The symbol for microgram is μg according to the International System of Units (SI); the recommended symbol in the United States and United Kingdom when communicating medical information is mcg. One microgram is equivalent to 0.001 milligrams or 0.000000001 kilograms. It is also equal to 0.000015 grains, which is a unit of weight in the imperial system.

How to Convert Micrograms

To convert micrograms to other units of weight, we need to multiply or divide by the appropriate conversion factor. For example, to convert micrograms to milligrams, we divide by 1000; to convert micrograms to grams, we divide by 1,000,000; and to convert micrograms to kilograms, we divide by 1,000,000,000. Here are some examples of conversion factors for different units of weight:

  • 1 microgram = 0.001 milligram
  • 1 microgram = 0.000001 gram
  • 1 microgram = 0.000000001 kilogram
  • 1 microgram = 0.000000035 ounce
  • 1 microgram = 0.000000002 pound
  • 1 microgram = 0.000015 grain

Where Micrograms are Used

Micrograms are very commonly used in scientific and medical fields where precision and accuracy are essential. For example, micrograms may be used to measure:

  • The mass of tiny objects or substances, such as bacteria, viruses, DNA, hormones or pollutants.
  • The dosage of some medications, such as steroids, anticoagulants or chemotherapy drugs.
  • The concentration of some nutrients or toxins in food, water or air.

Micrograms may also be used in different countries for different applications. For example, in China, micrograms are used to measure the weight of silk; in India, micrograms are used to measure the weight of spices; and in Switzerland, micrograms are used to measure the weight of gold.

History of Micrograms

The origin of micrograms can be traced back to the development of the metric system in France in the late 18th century. The metric system was designed to simplify and standardize the measurement of length, area, volume and mass by using decimal units based on the meter and the kilogram. The gram was defined as one-thousandth of a kilogram, and the microgram was defined as one-millionth of a gram.

The metric system was adopted by many countries around the world over the next two centuries, but it also faced some resistance and opposition from those who preferred the traditional units of measurement. In some cases, the metric system was modified or adapted to suit local needs and preferences. For example, in Germany, the metric system was officially adopted in 1872, but some old units such as pfund (pound) and zentner (hundredweight) are still used today.

The International System of Units (SI) was established in 1960 as a modern version of the metric system that is based on seven base units: meter, kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, mole and candela. The SI also defines several derived units that are combinations of the base units, such as newton, joule and watt. The SI is recognized as the global standard for measurement and is used by most countries and international organizations today.

Example Conversions of Micrograms to Other Units

Here are some examples of how to convert micrograms to other units of weight using the conversion factors mentioned above:

  • 2 micrograms = 0.002 milligrams
  • 5 micrograms = 0.000005 grams
  • 10 micrograms = 0.00000001 kilograms
  • 15 micrograms = 0.00000053 ounces
  • 20 micrograms = 0.00000004 pounds
  • 25 micrograms = 0.00039 grains
Micrograms also can be marked as Microgrammes or µg (alternative British English spelling in UK).

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